Glossary of Family Law Terms in Mandarin

family law terms
Legal terminologies can be complicated and confusing in the English Language, even more so when English is not one’s first language. As such, this article provides a list of commonly used legal terminologies and words used during a divorce proceeding in the Chinese language.

English Word Chinese Word Hanyu Pinyin
A
Access 探视权 Tàn Shì Quán
Address for Service 送达的地址 Sòng Dá Dì Dì Zhǐ
Adultery 通奸 Tōng Jiān
Affidavit 宣誓书 Xuān Shì Shū
Affidavit of Assets and Means 财务宣誓书 Cái Wù Xuān Shì Shū
Affidavit for Evidence-in-Chief 原告人的主问证据宣誓书 Yuán Gào Rén de Zhǔ Wèn Zhèng Jù Xuān Shì Shū
Agreed Matrimonial Property Plan 同意婚姻财产计划 Tóng Yì Hūn Yīn Cái Chǎn Jì Huà
Agreement 合意 Hé Yì
Allowance for Parents 父母津贴 Fù Mǔ Jīn Tiē
Amendment 修订 Xiū Dìng
Ancillary Matters Proceedings 附属事项诉讼 Fù Shǔ Shì Xiàng Sù Sòng
Ancillary Relief 附属济助 Fù Shǔ Jì Zhù
Annulment 婚姻无效 Hūn Yīn Wú Xiào
Assets 资产 Zī Chǎn
B
Brief Facts 简要事实 Jiǎn Yào Shì Shí
C
Case 案件 Àn Jiàn
Care and Control 照顾与管教权 Zhào Gù Yù Guǎn Jiào Quán
Case Conference 案件会议 Àn Jiàn Huì Yì
Child Focused Resolution Centre (CFRC) 孩子为主的调解中心 Hái Zi Wéi Zhǔ de Tiáo Jiě Zhōng Xīn
Child Maintenance 子女的赡养费 Zǐ Nǚ de Shàn Yǎng Fèi
Claim 诉说 Sù Shuō
Co-defendant 共同被告 Gòng Tóng Bèi Gào
Cohabitation 同居 Tóng Jū
Consent Order 同意令/经各方同意的庭令 Tóng Yì Lìng/Jīng Gè Fāng Tóng Yì de Tíng Lìng
Contested Divorce 争议离婚 Zhēng Yì Lí Hūn
Counterclaim 反诉 Fǎn Sù
Custody 抚养权 Fǔ Yǎng Quán
D
Defence 抗辩理由 Kàng Biàn Li Yóu
Defendant 被告 Bèi Gào
Desertion 遗弃 Yí Qì
Disclosure 披露 Pī Lù
Dissolution of Marriage 解除婚姻关系 Jiě Chú Hūn Yīn Guān Xì
Dispute 纠纷 Jiū Fēn
Divorce Proceedings 离婚诉讼 Lí Hūn Sù Sòng
Divorce Support Specialist Agencies (DSSA) 离婚专案援助机构 Lí Hūn Zhuān’àn Yuán Zhù Jī Gòu
Documents 文件 Wén Jiàn
Dowry 嫁妆 Jià Zhuāng
E
Enforcement of Judgment/Order 执行/强制执行判决/命令 Zhí Xíng/Qiáng Zhì Zhí Xíng Pàn Jué/Mìng Lìng
Entitled 有权 Yǒu Quán
Events 事件 Shì Jiàn
Exchange 交换 Jiāo Huàn
Expedited Order (EO) 加快命令 Jiā Kuài Mìng Lìng
Expenses 花费 Huā Fèi
F
Family Dispute Resolution (FDR) Conference 家事纠纷解会议 Jiā Shì Jiū Fēn Jiě Huì Yì
Final Judgment 最后判决 Zuì Hòu Pàn Jué
G
Groceries 杂货 Zá Huò
Grounds for Divorce 离婚的依据 Lí Hūn de Yī Jù
H
Housing Loan 房屋贷款 Fáng Wū Dài Kuǎn
I
Income Tax 所得税 Sho Dé Shuì
Incur 招致 Zhāo Zhì
Indirect Contribution 间接贡献 Jiàn Jiē Gòng Xiàn
In-principle Agreement 原则上一致 Yuán Zé Shàng Yī Zhì
Insurance Policies 保险政策 Bao Xian Zhèng Cè
Interim Judgment 临时判决书 Lín Shí Pàn Jué Shū
Interrogatories Process 质问的过程 Zhì Wèn de Guò Chéng
Invest 投资 Tóu Zī
J
Joint Tenancy 联名拥有权 Lián Míng Yǒng Yǒu Quán
K
Key Issues 主要问题  
L
Leave (permission) 法庭的许可 Fǎ Tíng de Xǔ Kě
Loan 贷款 Dài Kuǎn
M
Mandatory Parenting Programme 强制性育儿辅导计划 Qiáng Zhì Xìng Yù’ér Fǔ Dǎo Jì Huà
Maintenance 赡养费 Shàn Yǎng Fèi
Matrimonial Assets 婚姻财产 Hūn Yīn Cài Chan
Matrimonial Home 婚姻住所 Hūn Yīn Zhù Suǒ
Mediation 调解 Tiáo Jiě
     
Medical and Dental Fees 医疗和牙科费用 Yī Liáo hé Yá Kē Fèi Yòng
Miscellaneous 各种各样的 Gè Zhǒng Gè Yàng de
Monthly Expenses 每月花费 Měi Yuè Huā Fèi
Monthly Income 月收入 Yuè Shōu Rù
O
Order of Court 法院命令 Fǎ Yuàn Mìng Lìng
P
Party 当事人 Dāng Shì Rén
Personal Service 当面送达 Dāng Miàn Sòng Dá
Personal Protection Order (PPO) 个人保护令 Gè Rén Bǎo Hù Lìng
Plaintiff 原告 Yuán Gào
Pre-trial Conference 审前会议 Shěn Qián Huì Yì
Process Server 法律程序文件送 达人 Fǎ Lǜ Chéng Xù Wén Jiàn Sòng Dá Rén
Property 财产 Cái Chǎn
Property Tax 财产税 CáI Chǎn Shuì
Proposed Matrimonial Property Plan 拟议婚姻财产计划 Nǐ Yì Hūn Yīn Cái Chǎn Jì Huà
Proposed Parenting Plan 拟议育儿计划 Nǐ Yì de Yù’ér Jì Huà
R
Relocation 搬迁 Bān Qiān
Rental 租金 Zū Jīn
Respondent 答辩人 Dá Biàn Rén
S
Service 送达 Sòng Dá
Spousal Maintenance 配偶赡养费 Pèi ‘ou Shàn Yang Fèi
Statement of Claim 索偿陈述书 Suǒ Cháng Chén Shù Shū
Statement of Particulars 详情陈述 Xiáng Qíng Chén Shù
Substituted Service 替代送达 Tì Dài Sòng Dá
T
Tenants in Common 分权拥有权 Fēn Quán Yǒng Yǒu Quán
U
Uncontested 无可争议 Wú Ke Zhēng Yí
Unreasonable Behaviour 不合理行为 Bù Hé Lǐ Xíng Wèi
W
Without Prejudice 不损害利益 Bù Sǔn Hài Lì Yì
Writ of Divorce 离婚令装 Lí Hūn Lìng Zhuāng
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